Periodontal Disease in Menopausal Women: An Overview

Periodontal disease in women

Periodontal disease can trigger at any stage of life, but it is quite common among adults. It affects three out of four adults at some stage in their lives. Women are particularly more vulnerable to periodontal disease at specific stages of life especially during menopause and post-menopause.

Menopausal Women and Periodontal Disease
Menopausal and post-menopausal women are more susceptible to periodontal disease. According to the Cleveland Clinic Journal of Medicine, estrogen deficiency may be largely responsible for the increase of periodontal disease in menopausal or post-menopausal women. This dip in estrogen level can enhance your risk of gum problems, tooth loss, and osteoporosis.

As a consequence of above mentioned hormonal changes in your body, blood supply to the gums can be affected, and the irritants may react badly due to plaque buildup. Since your hormones target gum tissue, the latter becomes extremely sensitive to alteration in the levels of those hormones. You may notice that the problem deteriorates during hormonal changes, if you already happen to be prone to periodontal disease.

According to a research, menopausal women are about twice as likely to acquire severe periodontal problems if they don’t opt for hormone replacement therapy. While your doctor can prescribe hormone replacement therapy to aid your adjustment to these abrupt changes, they regard its extra benefit to rule out osteoporosis and other important medical problems. Since menopause tend to induce oral health problems, your dentists will encourage you to follow good oral hygiene practices, as a preventative dental care measure.

Preventing Periodontal Disease
You have already understood that oral plaque buildup triggers ideal situations for unsteady hormone levels, for the onset of periodontal disease. You can include these changes into your lifestyle in order to prevent or eliminate the effects of gum disorder during menopause:

  • Thoroughly brush and floss your teeth, twice a day with standard oral care products that meet American Dental Association (ADA) criteria for safety and efficacy.
  • Professional cleanings through regular dental visits are necessary for the effective removal of tartar.
  • Consume a balanced diet for good dental health and restrict junk food.
  • Communicate to your dentist of any recent medications being taken by you.
  • Inform healthcare practitioner of any dental modification, including gum problems.
  • If prompted by your periodontist, seek hormone replacement therapy from a general practitioner to enhance your overall quality of life.
  • You can opt for natural remedies that can help you to handle and reverse gum problems, as well as other menopausal symptoms.

Early diagnosis of your periodontal disease can help you initiate timely treatment to prevent bone fractures and tooth loss.

Dr. Steffany Mohan is the Owner of Plaza Dental Group and is a leading dentist in Des Moines, Iowa. Dr. Mohan is an expert in implant, pediatric and cosmetic dentistry, is Invisalign certified and has gained a reputation of excellence in the dentistry community.

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